1728 Model Infantry Musket
early 18th century brought a flurry of developments in French musketry.
A standardized model was finally established in 1717. However the
abundance of Marine models, and Contract Fusil de Chasse in North
America relegated the 1717 musket to a life in France's forces stationed
in Europe. The 1717 was replaced eleven years in 1728 with a model
using three barrel bands to hold its 46 3/4 inch barrel in place.
1728 musket, with its changes in 1746, was the musket carried by the majority
of French troops during the French and Indian War. Changes in the
1740s included the standardized use of a steel ramrod in 1743 and, after
1746, newly manufactured muskets had the pan/frizzen bridle removed.
There were three arsenals making the 1728/1746 models: Charleville,
Maubeuge, and St. Etienne. St.
Etienne was the largest producer and because of this the 1728 is often
called the St. Etienne musket. It was St. Etienne that provided the
bulk of the arms to the Navy for the Compagnies Franche de la Marine in
the late 1740s.
1754 some more changes were done however it is unlikely many of the 1754
muskets made it to the fighting in North America because of the vast quantities
of 1728 muskets in the armouries of New France. In 1763, the 46 3/4-inch
barrelled 1728 musket was abandoned for a shorter new model known commonly
as the Charleville Musket.
this did not end the use of the 1728 model in North America. A new
army had immerged in the 1770s with a dire need for arms. The Continental
Army of the United States was more than happy to purchase the old arms
of France to assist them in their struggle against Great Britain.
As well it is possible captured stores in New France were re-issued to
Quebec's militia to defend themselves from the invading Americans in 1775-1776,
or fell into American hands after the fall of Montreal.
Length: 46 3/4"
text, photographs, images, animations, or other media
1999/2004 by Brian Bero unless otherwise protected by previous copyright.